Install And Change Apache2 And MySQL Default Directory In Ubuntu 12.04

get the Apache2, PHP5 and MySQL

1
2
3
sudo apt-get install apache2
sudo apt-get install php5
sudo apt-get install mysql-server

to move your default directory for your site in apache2 make directory where your new site will be stored, for this example i’ll use /home/www/

1
mdkir /home/www/

then set the permission

1
chown -R www-data:www-data /home/www

edit default file in /etc/apache2/sites-available/ to be like this, change the DocumentRoot and Directory to the new directory that you want, in this case im using /home/www

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerAdmin [email protected]

    DocumentRoot /home/www
    <Directory />
        Options FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride None
    </Directory>
    <Directory /home/www/>
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
        AllowOverride None
        Order allow,deny
        allow from all
    </Directory>

    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /usr/lib/cgi-bin/
    <Directory "/usr/lib/cgi-bin">
        AllowOverride None
        Options +ExecCGI -MultiViews +SymLinksIfOwnerMatch
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    </Directory>

    ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log

    # Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
    # alert, emerg.
    LogLevel warn

    CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined

    Alias /doc/ "/usr/share/doc/"
    <Directory "/usr/share/doc/">
        Options Indexes MultiViews FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride None
        Order deny,allow
        Deny from all
        Allow from 127.0.0.0/255.0.0.0 ::1/128
    </Directory>

</VirtualHost>

restart the apache2

1
sudo service apache2 restart

done!

to change MySQL default data directory to new one, here’s the step

first stop the MySQL Service

1
sudo service mysql stop

make new directory to store your new data, in this example i’ll use /home/mysql

1
sudo mkdir /home/mysql

copy your mysql data from the old one to the new one

1
sudo cp -R /var/lib/mysql/* /home/mysql/

set the permission

1
sudo chown -R mysql:mysql /home/mysql

edit my.cnf file in /etc/mysql , just edit the data location from

1
datadir = /var/lib/mysql

to

1
datadir = /home/mysql

then edit /etc/apparmor.d/usr.sbin.mysqld

1
sudo gedit /etc/apparmor.d/usr.sbin.mysqld

change

1
2
/var/lib/mysql/ r,
/var/lib/mysql/** rwk,

to

1
2
/home/mysql/ r,
/home/mysql/** rwk,

Reload apparmor

1
sudo /etc/init.d/apparmor reload

Then start mysql

1
sudo service mysql start

Good Luck!!